A warehouse is a special facility or containment that is used in the safe keeping of distinct merchandise. There are a number of businesses such as manufacturers and wholesalers that use the warehouses for the storage of their goods in bulk. A large structure that is plain and with no partitions can be used as a warehouse especially if it is situated in an industrial area adjacent to a city.
There are features of a warehouse such as a loading dock that is usually a point from where goods are loaded or unloaded from big vehicles. It is also possible to have a warehouse that has a point for the direct loading and offloading of items from major ports such as an airport. To help with the effective loading and offloading of various goods at the warehouse, special goods handling machinery such as cranes and forklifts are available.
Warehouses are usually used for the storage of a wide number of goods including raw materials, components as well as finished products. This structure used for the bulk storage of various goods may also be referred to as a godown.
Warehouses were initiated long in history from the industrial revolution and were situated in urban centers thereby transforming the look of the cities. Warehouses usually benefit the manufacturers by ensuring a constant supply of the raw materials thereby enabling an effective service in the production of the intended products. There was a very important role that was played by the overseas warehouses in the overseas trade of wholesale merchandise.
Another form of a warehouse is a packing warehouse that is usually used for the picking, scrutiny, branding and packing of merchandise for the purpose of exportation. A distinct kind of warehouses are situated adjacent to railway lines for effective movement of merchandise. There was a distinct kind of warehouses that was known as canal warehouses.
There are different kinds of storage systems such as pallet racking, vertical lift modules and vertical carousels that are used in various warehouses. In the olden times, the methods that were used in the handling of goods in a warehouse were mainly manual. Most of the warehouses nowadays usually have full automatic systems that require only a few people to execute all the work in the warehouse. Some warehouses also have additional features such as lowered temperatures to enable the effective storage of merchandise that would instead go bad in normal conditions.
The bulk storage of merchandise is enabled by these commercial storage facilities to the advantage of many large businesses and companies. There is ease of storage of various raw materials that is effected by warehouses. Many of the businesses will fail were it not for the presence of the warehouses. There are warehouses in most of the cities and especially near manufacturing companies.